Intraoperative pain control administered by the means of local anesthesia is an essential part of clinical practice in dentistry. Local anesthesia is induced so that the sensation of pain from the source of stimulation, such as a tooth or the periodontium (specialized tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth), is prevented from transmitting to the brain. The introduction of local anesthetics with the development of nerve blocking injection techniques uncovered a new era of patient comfort while permitting more extensive and invasive dental procedures.
Dental bonding agents function to bond a restorative onto a tooth so that it remains stable permanently. All direct resin restorations require bonding, and indirect restorations either require bonding or are candidates for bonding. As the demand for bonded aesthetic restorations has increased, the evolution of bonding agents has accelerated.
Dental cements are luting agents that predominantly serve to fill in gaps between restorations and the natural tooth. They are crucial for the precise positioning of dental restorations and to protect the pulp from discomfort and injuries. Typically, cements form a strong bond with enamel and dentin, ensuring the stability of metal and ceramic restorations in the patients mouth. Dentists utilize cements in a variety of dental applications, ranging from crowns and bridges, to inlays and onlays, to veneers and implants.
A core build-up is a restoration placed on a severely damaged tooth in order to restore the bulk of the coronal portion of the tooth. The core is defined to be part of the preparation of an indirect restoration consisting of restorative material. When fabricating crowns or bridges, it is often necessary to use a core material before preparation to reconstruct extensive sections of lost tooth caused by large carious lesions or previous dental treatment. It is suggested that the placement of a core is necessary when more than 50% of the coronal part of the tooth is missing.
Dental impression materials are used to take an imprint of hard and soft tissues in the intraoral cavity. The production of the mold requires placing viscous impression material in a patients mouth. This material later solidifies and produces a cast, which is sent to a dental laboratory. Typically, these solid tooth impressions serve to develop crowns, bridges and dentures.
Direct restorative materials are positioned directly onto a tooth and function to fill dental cavities, restore infected teeth and provide substance for root canal treatments. Dental caries have historically been considered to be the most important global oral disease. Currently, cavities remain a major public concern in high income countries, affecting 60 to 90% of school-aged children and the majority of adults. For this reason, the direct restorative material market has been, and continues to be, quite substantial, constituting the largest segment within the dental materials market. An increased demand for direct filling materials has been supported by changes in restorative techniques. The development of adhesive techniques saves sound tooth structure and is compatible with preventative measures. Preserving and stabilizing a tooths hard tissues by direct filling techniques is in favor over destructive preparations with indirect restorative materials.
The European market for dental materials includes dental cements, impression materials, direct restorative materials, bonding agents, core build-up materials and dental anesthetics. The aging European population is the most significant driver of the dental materials market. Baby boomers are projected to live longer than those of previous generations and are therefore more likely to invest in their oral health during the remainder of their lives. Consequently, the demand for dental materials will increase due to this generations need for more crowns, bridges and other restorations. Also, the popularity of tooth-colored restorations and minimally invasive treatments has increased tremendously in the past few years; these trends are expected to drive the demand for innovative and technologically advanced dental materials, resulting in higher average selling prices (ASPs) and market values.
Image guided surgery (IGS) assists ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialists in performing interventions where the shape of the sinus and airways can cause potential complications. The majority of ENT IGS systems are designed for ENT procedures only. However, some companies who do not manufacture a standalone ENT IGS system will bundle their ENT software with cranial software. Lacking some of the specialized features designed for neurosurgery procedures, ENT systems are relatively simple and less expensive. However, ENT procedures are more difficult to visualize than other IGS procedure types as they involve much smaller and hard to reach areas of the human body.
Orthopedic image guided surgery (IGS) systems are used in procedures such as total knee arthroplasty (TKA), total hip arthroplasty (THA), anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, trauma and corrective surgeries. During these reconstruction procedures, the alignment of the orthopedic implant is critical and IGS systems are capable of reaching the target alignment within +/- 3°, 95% to 98% of the time.
This report analyzes the procedures volumes as they relate to neurological devices in Europe between 2013-2023. The segments analyzed include: Neurosurgery Navigation Procedures, Spine Navigation Procedures, ENT Navigation Procedures, Orthopedic Navigation Procedures, Neurosurgery Robotics Procedures, Spinal Robotics Procedures, Minimally Invasive Procedures, Radiosurgery Robotics Procedures and Robotic Catheter Procedures.
This report analyzes the procedure volumes that relate to neurological devices in Europe from 2013-2023. This data includes segmentation on Cerebro-spinal Fluid Shunting Procedures, Neurovascular Embolization Procedures, Intracranial Stenting Procedures, Neurovascular Guidewire Procedures and Neuromodulation Procedures.
Corneal topography is also known as videokeratography or corneal mapping. Characterizing the curvature of the cornea is important because this tissue contributes significantly to the refractive power of the eye. Corneal topography is used for evaluating the curvature of the cornea. This information is then used for contact lens fitting and for planning refractive procedures such as Laser Assisted In-Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK) or Phakic intraocular lens implantation. Corneal topography is also used for detecting keratoconus, which is characterized by thinning of the cornea to a point where the intraocular pressure is sufficient to cause the cornea to assume a cone shape. The devices also have an application in planning cataract surgery. Toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation is effective in treating regular astigmatism. However, to the extent that the patients astigmatism is irregular, with the principle meridians of the eye not lying perpendicular to one another, toric IOLs will be ineffective. Corneal topography can provide a definitive assessment of the nature of a patients corneal astigmatism. As such, corneal topography is an essential preoperative step for the implantation of a toric IOL. Because of the increasing popularity of advanced technology IOLs in cataract surgery, and the associated importance of corneal analysis in the pre-operative process, manufacturers have been releasing products in recent years that specifically target applications associated with cataract surgery. This includes devices that combine corneal topography with optical biometry, pachymetry and other corneal measurements.
Fundus cameras, which are also known as retinal cameras, are low powered microscopes coupled with a camera. The fundus encompasses structures in the back of the eye, including the retina, optic disc, macula and posterior pole. Fundus cameras are used for diagnosing and tracking the progression of ocular diseases affecting the fundus, such as macular degeneration and glaucoma.
Several types of IOLs are used for cataract surgery. The most common is the monofocal IOL, which allows for focus at a fixed distance. A disadvantage of the monofocal IOL is the requirement of the patient to wear corrective lenses after cataract surgery. Monofocal lenses include both spheric and aspheric IOLs. The difference between the two is in the surface of the lens, whether it is spherical or aspherical. This curvature is related to the correction of spherical aberration, or the excessive refractive power of the cornea at its periphery. Aspheric lenses are generally considered to be superior. They have been shown to produce clearer vision and greater contrast sensitivity. In the Nordic region 90% of the market is aspheric. Southern Europe uses more spherical lenses while Germany uses more aspheric. However, the use of aspheric IOLs involves a trade-off, with conventional (spheric) IOLs having been shown to produce better depth of focus and near vision.
Optical biometers are partial coherence interferometry devices designed to generate a range of biometry measurements as well as to assist with intraocular lens (IOL) calculations. Optical biometers are capable of taking multiple measurements including axial length, anterior chamber depth, corneal thickness and lens thickness. All measurements are taken at a single optometry or ophthalmology station. Contact with the cornea is not required for the functioning of optical biometers, which improves measurement accuracy.
LASERs, which stands for Light Amplification (by) Stimulated Emission (of) Radiation, were developed in 1960 by Theodore Maiman. Lasers were quickly adopted for ophthalmology with the first instance of their clinical use appearing in 1963. Over the last 50 years ophthalmic lasers have proliferated in both types of lasers and indications. Despite this diversity, all lasers function on the same fundamental principles. Lasers are created when the electrons in atoms in special glasses, crystal or gases absorb energy from an electrical current or another laser and become excited/elevated to a higher energy state. Electron orbits are less stable at these higher energy states, thus energy is released in the form of a photon which allows the electron to return to its ground state. Photons are particles of light, however, what makes laser photons unique is that they are all of the same wavelength, directional, and coherent (meaning the crests and troughs of the light waves are aligned) whereas ordinary light comprises multiple wavelengths and is not coherent.