Infusion therapy devices are used for administering fluids or medication directly into a vein. Some disease states are too severe to be treated with oral medications, and must be treated intravenously. This is generally facilitated with an intravenous (IV) bag that is connected to a catheter inserted into a vein using plastic IV tubing. Infusion can be achieved simply through gravity drip, which uses gravity to introduce fluids into a patients vasculature or through the use of an electronic pump. Initially, connecting tubing to the catheter inserted into the patient was done by spiking a needle into a connector on the catheter. However, due to concerns over needlestick injuries and the increased incidence of infection when infusing with non-closed systems, some markets have shifted towards the use of needle-free connectors. Physicians now have the option of connecting the tubing to the inserted catheter using male luer connections and other connectors that accept blunt cannulas.
In 2013, the Asia-Pacific market for infusion therapy devices included volumetric infusion pumps, syringe infusion pumps, disposable infusion pumps, IV tubing sets, needleless connectors and stopcocks. These categories are segmented based on the type of displacement used, the type of infusion being performed and the type of medication and fluid infused. There are several other accessories commonly used during infusion therapy, such as disinfecting caps and three-way stopcocks; however, these arent included in the total market value for this report.
Additionally, needleless connectors are not included in the overall market value in this chapter, as they are present only in Australia and Japan, but not in South Korea. The information for each needleless connector market can be found in each countrys respective chapter.