The full report suite on the U.S. market for dialysis includes hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis machines, dialysis catheters, dialyzers, dialyzer reprocessing machines, hemodialysis bloodline and tubing sets, AV fistula needles, AV access grafts, declotting devices, introducer sheaths and guidewires and water treatment systems. The dialysis patient population has been increasing since 2013 and is projected to continue increasing over the forecast period. Notable trends include shifts between hemodialysis patients and peritoneal dialysis patients as well as the rate of transition from in-center treatment options to personal, home treatment.
Lumen stenosis can occur due to the accumulation of thrombosis or plaque particles in a similar manner to peripheral arterial disease. The accumulation of these plaque particles has also been shown to cause calcification. Lumen stenosis is a considerable problem for both AV access surgical grafts and native fistulae because they have poor vessel patency. Due to their tendency to acquire blockages, AV access surgical grafts will require revascularization twice a year, and native fistulae will need to be cleared at least once a year.